Midge flies are not a good sign on your farm as they can cause permanent damage and cause several losses to your grain crops. You shouldn’t let it happen but take action administering midges flies control on your farm and start seeing your crops thrive.
Identify them for Proper Midge Fly Control
Being certain what to look for, including identifying the damage will help you choose the most suitable control measures.
The midge fly species is divided into 2 namely “biting midge flies” and “non-biting midge flies”
Biting Midge Flies
The biting midge adult can grow up to 0.5mm long and they can also be recognized either with spotted wings and marked legs for some while others are unmarked. The female midge fly will lay the tiny eggs that will change from white to a darker brown as it matures. The larvae or worm stage of the midge can grow up to 4mm in length. The pupa also measures about 4mm in length.
Non-Biting Midge Flies
Non-biting adult midge flies can lay up to 3,000 eggs and once the eggs hatch the larvae will burrow their way under the soil adapting their tunnels to the space needed as they grow. During this phase, they will feed off mud or soil in the ground. Similar to flies, midge flies complete a life cycle from egg to adult in an estimated 3 weeks. Non-biting midge flies enjoy muddy, swampy conditions.
Damage without Midge Flies Control
Damage is caused because the midge fly will drain the plant of its juices and nutrients. They cause damage to grain crops like wheat, which will result in a sticky dough and flour becomes a darker colour. Pasta made from damaged wheat can result in dark pasta. The larvae start feeding of the grain crops as seen as it starts growing. Biting midges attack exposed skin similar to a mosquito. The adult female midge will collect blood as a source of protein to help her egg develop.
Start Managing Midge Flies control
To take control of the situation, farmers resort to the following:
- Chemical control (works for adult biting midges)
- Sprays and mists can temporarily ward them off
- Insect repellents are also a good option to keep them from pestering you
- Predatory fish is useful for control at the farm (midges enjoy gathering near a source of water)
Keep them under control and stand a better chance to grow healthy wheat and grain crops on the farm. Contact us TODAY for all your Midge Flies Control needs
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